Luxury & Experiential
Africa Facts and Information
South Africa
Capital city Pretoria
Area 1,219,912 km² / 471,011 square miles (five times larger than Great Britain and three times the size of Texas)
Population 49.32 million
Time zone GMT +2
Currency South African Rand (ZAR)
Electricity 230 - 240V
Geography South Africa is flanked on the west by the Atlantic Ocean and on the east by the Indian Ocean with 2 500 km (1 500 miles) of coastline. The two oceans meet at Cape Agulhas, the southernmost tip of Africa. The terrain ranges from desert to green hills, mountain ranges, subtropical areas and sunny beaches.
Climate Summer 18 - 29°C / 64 - 84°F; Winter 6 - 21° / 43 - 70°F
Language South Africa has eleven official languages Afrikaans, English, isiNdebele, isiXhosa, isiZulu, Sepedi, Sesotho, Setswana, siSwati, Tshivenda and Xitsonga. Except for deeply rural areas, most South Africans speak English.
Religion Predominantly Christian, but also includes Muslim and Hindu.
Botswana
Capital city Gaborone
Area 582,000 km² / 225,000 square miles
Population 1.6 million
Time zone GMT +2
Currency Pula (BWP)
Electricity 220V
Geography Botswana consists mainly of semi-desert, with the notable exception of the famed Okavango Delta.
Climate Summer 19 - 33°C / 66 - 91°F; Winter 5 - 23°C / 41 - 73°F
Language English and Setswana
Religion Predominantly Christian
Namibia
Capital city Windhoek
Area 825,418 km² / 318,695 square miles
Population 1.7 million
Time zone GMT +1 April - August; GMT +2 September - March
Currency Namibian dollar (NAD)
Electricity 220V
Geography From sandy dunes to rocky canyons, Namibia is home to two deserts - the Namib and the Kalahari.
Climate Summer 19 - 28°C / 66 - 82°F; Winter 14 - 24° / 57 -75°F
Language English is the official language; Shona and Ndebele are the first languages of 98% of the population
Religion Predominantly Christian
Zimbabwe
Capital city Harare
Area 386,670 km² / 149,295 square miles
Population 12.5 million
Time zone GMT +2
Currency The Zimbabwean dollar is the official currency (ZWD), although the US dollar is widely used in practice
Electricity 220V
Geography Landlocked country separated from Zambia by the Zambezi River, home to the famous Victoria Falls
Climate Summer 16 - 27°C / 61 - 81°F; Winter 7 - 21°C / 45 - 70°F
Language English is the official language; Shona and Ndebele are the first languages of 98% of the population
Religion Predominantly Syncretic and Christian
Zambia
Capital city Lusaka
Area 740,720 km² / 285,995 square miles
Population 9.7 million
Time zone GMT +2
Currency Kwacha (ZMK)
Electricity 220V
Geography Deciduous savannas, grassy plains and even rain forest in the areas around Victoria Falls.
Climate Summer 25 - 35°C / 77 - 95°F; Winter 6 - 24°C / 43 - 75°F
Language English is the official language
Religion Predominantly Christian
Mozambique
Capital city Maputo
Area 801,590 km² / 309,495 square miles
Population 21.4 million
Time zone GMT +2
Currency Metical (MZN)
Electricity 220 / 240V
Geography Wide coastal plains, mountains and plateaus with three major rivers and almost 2 500 km (1 500 miles) of coastline dotted with islands
Climate Summer 21 - 29°C / 70 - 84°F; Winter 19 - 27°C / 66 - 81°F
Language Portuguese is the official language
Religion Predominantly traditional beliefs, followed by Christianity
Kenya
Capital city Nairobi
Area 582,650 km² / 224,960 square miles
Population 30.8 million
Time zone GMT +3
Currency Kenyan shilling (KES)
Electricity 240V
Geography Low coastal plains and central highlands bisected by the Great Rift Valley
Climate Summer 16 – 33°C / 61 - 91°F; Winter 15 – 30°C / 59 - 86°F
Language Swahili is the official language, but English is widely spoken
Religion Predominantly Christian, but also Muslim
Tanzania
Capital city Dodoma
Area 945,087 km² / 364,900 square miles
Population 35.9 million
Time zone GMT +3
Currency Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
Electricity 230V
Geography Coastal plains rising to a central plateau and highlands in the north and south, including Mt Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest mountain
Climate Winter 10 - 23°C
Language Swahili and English are official languages
Religion Equally divided between Christian, Muslim and traditional beliefs